The logger util that npm uses.

This logger is very basic. It does the logging for npm. It supports custom levels and colored output.

By default, logs are written to stderr. If you want to send log messages to outputs other than streams, then you can change the member, or you can just listen to the events that it emits, and do whatever you want with them.

Basic Usage

var log = require('npmlog')

// additional stuff ---------------------------+
// message ----------+                         |
// prefix ----+      |                         |
// level -+   |      |                         |
//        v   v      v                         v'fyi', 'I have a kitty cat: %j', myKittyCat)


  • {String}

The level to display logs at. Any logs at or above this level will be displayed. The special level silent will prevent anything from being displayed ever.


  • {Array}

An array of all the log messages that have been entered.


  • {Number}

The maximum number of records to keep. If log.record gets bigger than 10% over this value, then it is sliced down to 90% of this value.

The reason for the 10% window is so that it doesn't have to resize a large array on every log entry.


  • {Object}

A style object that specifies how prefixes are styled. (See below)


  • {Object}

A style object that specifies how the heading is styled. (See below)


  • {String} Default: ""

If set, a heading that is printed at the start of every line.

  • {Stream} Default: process.stderr

The stream where output is written.


Force colors to be used on all messages, regardless of the output stream.


Disable colors on all messages.


Stop emitting messages to the stream, but do not drop them.


Emit all buffered messages that were written while paused.

log.log(level, prefix, message, ...)

  • level {String} The level to emit the message at
  • prefix {String} A string prefix. Set to "" to skip.
  • message... Arguments to util.format

Emit a log message at the specified level.

log[level](prefix, message, ...)

For example,

  • log.silly(prefix, message, ...)
  • log.verbose(prefix, message, ...)
  •, message, ...)
  • log.http(prefix, message, ...)
  • log.warn(prefix, message, ...)
  • log.error(prefix, message, ...)

Like log.log(level, prefix, message, ...). In this way, each level is given a shorthand, so you can do, message).

log.addLevel(level, n, style, disp)

  • level {String} Level indicator
  • n {Number} The numeric level
  • style {Object} Object with fg, bg, inverse, etc.
  • disp {String} Optional replacement for level in the output.

Sets up a new level with a shorthand function and so forth.

Note that if the number is Infinity, then setting the level to that will cause all log messages to be suppressed. If the number is -Infinity, then the only way to show it is to enable all log messages.


Events are all emitted with the message object.

  • log Emitted for all messages
  • log.<level> Emitted for all messages with the <level> level.
  • <prefix> Messages with prefixes also emit their prefix as an event.

Style Objects

Style objects can have the following fields:

  • fg {String} Color for the foreground text
  • bg {String} Color for the background
  • bold, inverse, underline {Boolean} Set the associated property
  • bell {Boolean} Make a noise (This is pretty annoying, probably.)

Message Objects

Every log event is emitted with a message object, and the log.record list contains all of them that have been created. They have the following fields:

  • id {Number}
  • level {String}
  • prefix {String}
  • message {String} Result of util.format()
  • messageRaw {Array} Arguments to util.format()